Global information systems

In the era of globalization and the development of information and communication technology, which technology cannot be separated in all aspects of human life, as well as in business, today business can reach the global scale more easily, using e-mail, internet, online discussion, communication can be easier, also the information system can be used to monitoring the network of business networks that have been spread abroad, and can also to monitoring the performance of company more easily.

During the 1980s and early 1990s, multinational giant corporations completed many of their global information systems (GIS / Global Information System), but there are still other things to be done in order to improve the global computer-based information management system this. In the 2000s, approximately 2070 multinational companies will be encouraged to improve the application of information systems and architectural formation of this system. This system is designed to integrate the parent company with the branch company into an integrated system using the role of computer-based information system (Computer Based Information System / CBIS).


Contributor:
Faiz Agnanta P.


What is global information system?

A global information system (GIS) is any information system which attempts to deliver the totality of measurable data worldwide within a defined context.

Common to this class of information systems is that the context is a global setting, either for its use or development process. This means that it highly relates to distributed systems / distributed computing where the distribution is global. The term also incorporates aspects of global software development and there outsourcing (when the outsourcing locations are globally distributed) and offshoring aspects. A specific aspect of global information systems is the case (domain) of global software development. A main research aspect in this field concerns the coordination of and collaboration between virtual teams. Further important aspects are the internationalization and language localization of system components.


Why we should use global information system in business?

Cost savings

Global information systems benefit organizations in the area of cost saving through the leverage of hiring cheaper employees from low-cost economy countries with low wage. As the global organizations need to be in full control over its coordination and communication overhead, they also need to select lower value-add, non-critical, and less complex tasks to be off-shored to achieve the organizational objectives (Yikun, 2010).

Improving the task modularization

The system structure is a mirror image of the organizational structure that designed it and team structured is determined by the product architecture, which helps managing the complexity of coordination. To harvest this benefit, organizations must set the scoop of delivery baseline, develop an implementation plan, and agree to the development process of delivering products and services (Yikun, 2010).

Access to large skilled workforce

Global organizations have the opportunity to expand and develop their software activities through including hundreds and thousands of highly skilled workers’ contributions regardless of their location to form virtual global organizations. However, not all highly skilled desirable workers are available to join the organization. Thus to harvest this benefit, the organization must identify and select the candidate countries and analyze the social, cultural, and legal environment and generate list of the needed workforce and countries that fits the organization’s global employment requirements (Yikun, 2010).

Proximity to customer and market

Global organizations also have the opportunity to establish subsidiaries in countries where the global software development allow the organizations to develop the software close to their customers and to increase the local market’s knowledge. To harvest this benefit, organizations need to sharing knowledge through revising their management structure. The organizational information supporting systems should incorporate the country- related market, appraisal databases, trade statistics, and industry databases (Wang, Heng & Chau, 2010).


Who apply global infromation systems in their business?

Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services. The company's hardware products include the iPhone smartphone, the iPad tablet computer, the Mac personal computer, the iPod portable media player, the Apple smartwatch, and the Apple TV digital media player. Apple's consumer software includes the macOS and iOS operating systems, the iTunes media player, the Safari web browser, and the iLife and iWork creativity and productivity suites. Its online services include the iTunes Store, the iOS App Store and Mac App Store, Apple Music, and iCloud.
Apple Inc.


When and where apple was created?

Apple was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne in April 1976 to develop and sell personal computers. It was incorporated as Apple Computer, Inc. in January 1977, and was renamed as Apple Inc. in January 2007 to reflect its shifted focus toward consumer electronics. Apple joined the Dow Jones Industrial Average in March 2015.
The birthplace of Apple Computer. In 1976, Steve Jobs founded the company in the garage of this house on Crist Drive in Los Altos, California.


How apple supported global information system?

The growth of international trade has radically altered domestic economies around the globe. Consider the path to market for an iPhone. The iPhone was designed by Apple engineers in the United States, sourced with more than 100 high-tech components from around the world, and assembled in China. Among the iPhone’s major supplier, Samsung electronics in South Korea has supplied the flash memory and applications processor. The iPhone 4’s accelerator and gyroscope are made in Italy and French by STMicroelectronics, and its electronic compas is made by AKM Semiconductor in Japan. Germany’s Infineon Technologies supplies chips that send and receive phonecalls and data. Texas instruments (TI) supplies the touch screen controller, while South Korea’s LG Display makes the high-definition display screen. Foxconn, a Chinese division of Taiwan’s Hon Hai Group, is in charge of manufacturing and assembly.


Conclusion

There are many benefit to developing the Global Information System, but there are challenges that will be held : to agree on shared user needs, bring changes to business processes, coordinate application development, coordinate software releases, encourage local users to support global systems. Hardware, software, and networking have special engineering challenges in the international environment. The main challenge is to finding ways standardize global computing platforms when there are many variations from one operation to another. Then, to find special software applications that are user friendly and can increase productivity







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